Seminal fluid analysis
Seminal fluid analysis the procedure whereby freshly ejaculated semen is examined under the microscope to check the sperm count (number of sperms); morphology (shapes and appearance) and motility (movement of sperms). It is the centrepiece of male infertility investigation
The man should have abstain from intercourse for 2-3days. Semen sample is best produced by masturbation in a clean wide mouthed jar. However, men who are unable to masturbate can produce semen by interrupting coitus or by using special condom; these methods of collection are compromise to masturbation and we do not recommend these methods usually. It is important not to lose any part of the ejaculated because it will affect the result because the first part of the ejaculate has the highest concentration of sperm.
There is a private room in the Clinic where semen can be produced. When semen is produced at home, it should be kept warm and arrive in the Clinic laboratory within 60 minutes of production A normal sperm count should be 20 million or more per millilitre of semen. Normal morphology of a sperm is oval head, intact mid piece and a single tail that is not coiled. The motility of sperm is very important; it shows the proportion of sperms that can move to where fertilization takes place.
Men who have abnormal sperm parameter may be asked to check their FSH, LH and testosterone